Journal Article

Carbohydrate concentrations and freezing stress resistance of silver birch buds grown under elevated temperature and ozone

Johanna Riikonen, Sari Kontunen-Soppela, Elina Vapaavuori, Arja Tervahauta, Marjo Tuomainen and Elina Oksanen

Edited by Torgny Näsholm

in Tree Physiology

Volume 33, issue 3, pages 311-319
Published in print March 2013 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online February 2013 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpt001
Carbohydrate concentrations and freezing stress resistance of silver birch buds grown under elevated temperature and ozone

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The effects of slightly elevated temperature (+0.8 °C), ozone (O3) concentration (1.3 × ambient O3 concentration) and their combination on over-wintering buds of Betula pendula Roth were studied after two growing seasons of exposure in the field. Carbohydrate concentrations, freezing stress resistance (FSR), bud dry weight to fresh weight ratio, and transcript levels of cytochrome oxidase (COX), alternative oxidase (AOX) and dehydrin (LTI36) genes were studied in two clones (clones 12 and 25) in December. Elevated temperature increased the bud dry weight to fresh weight ratio and the ratio of raffinose family oligosaccharides to sucrose and the transcript levels of the dehydrin (LTI36) gene (in clone 12 only), but did not alter the FSR of the buds. Genotype-specific alterations in carbohydrate metabolism were found in the buds grown under elevated O3. The treatments did not significantly affect the transcript level of the COX or AOX genes. No clear pattern of an interactive effect between elevated temperature and O3 concentration was found. According to these data, the increase in autumnal temperatures and slightly increasing O3 concentrations do not increase the risk for freeze-induced damage in winter in silver birch buds, although some alterations in bud physiology occur.

Keywords: Betula pendula; bud; dehydrin; frost hardiness; O3; over-wintering; soluble sugar; warming

Journal Article.  6047 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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