Journal Article

Rice-starch Oral Rehydration Therapy in Neonates and Young Infants

N. Iyngkaran and M. Yadav

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 44, issue 4, pages 199-203
Published in print August 1998 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online August 1998 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/44.4.199
Rice-starch Oral Rehydration Therapy in Neonates and Young Infants

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Rice-starch based oral rehydration solution (ORS) has been shown to be a suitable alternative to glucose-based ORS in the treatment of both choleragenic and non-choleragenic dehydration in older infants and children. However, in young infants, the wider use of rice-starch ORS has been impeded because of theoretical concern about the poor digestibility of starch.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rice-starch ORS in the rehydration of acute diarrhoeal dehydration in infants below 6 months of age. Sixty-three infants with clinical features of acute gastroenteritis were randomly allocated to two groups. Group A, comprising 31 infants, received a rice-starch ORS and group B, comprising 32 infants, received a glucose-based ORS. The response to treatment was monitored by weight gain, stool frequency, and decrease in vomiting. The mean weight gain in moderately dehydrated and mildly dehydrated infants in both groups A and B were closely similar at 12, 24, and 48h after treatment with the respective ORS solution.

The infants without dehydration receiving rice-starch ORS had significantly greater weight gain at 12 h compared to those receiving glucose ORS. However, this difference was not observed at 24 and 48h.

The results of this study show that rice-starch ORS is as safe and efficacious as glucose-based ORS in young infants.

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Subjects: Paediatrics ; Antitrust Issues and Policies

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