Journal Article

Rickets in Nigerian children: response to calcium supplementation

T Thacher, RH Glew, C Isichei, JO Lawson, JK Scariano, BW Hollis and DJ VanderJagt

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 45, issue 4, pages 202-207
Published in print August 1999 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online August 1999 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI:
Rickets in Nigerian children: response to calcium supplementation

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In a previous study of rachitic children in Jos, Nigeria we concluded that inadequate dietary intake of calcium was the primary contributing factor to the development of their rickets. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of calcium supplementation in 10 children with radiographically and biochemically proven rickets from the same geographical area. Rachitic children were provided with calcium supplements of 1000 mg/day for a period of 3 months. Serum and urine samples were obtained at baseline and at 24 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks after initiation of supplementation. Serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, intact parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were measured at each time point. Dietary recalls obtained at two separate times were used to estimate usual daily intakes of calcium and phosphorus. Ten non-rachitic age-matched controls from the same geographical area were recruited for comparison. Nine of 10 rachitic subjects had radiographic evidence of healing after 3 months of calcium therapy. Although serum calcium concentrations returned to control levels, other biochemical data indicated that the rickets of these subjects may have been multifactorial in aetiology, pointing to a possible defect in the synthesis of 25-hydroxyvitamin D.

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Subjects: Paediatrics ; Antitrust Issues and Policies

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