Journal Article

A Study of Feeding Patterns in Young Infants

Farideh Shiva and Mohammad Nasiri

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 49, issue 2, pages 89-92
Published in print April 2003 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online April 2003 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI:
A Study of Feeding Patterns in Young Infants

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With the aim of studying the feeding patterns in infants under 6 months of age, 451 mothers attending the children's clinic in two university hospitals in the north of Tehran were interviewed. All babies had been born in hospital and > 98 per cent had been breastfed during the first few hours of birth. The rate of full breastfeeding at 6 months of age, with no introduction of the bottle, was 83 per cent; approximately 6.5 per cent of infants were fed on breast and bottle concomitantly, and in about 10.5 per cent breastfeeding had been discontinued before 6 months and the babies were fed on bottle only. About 60 per cent of mothers who stopped breastfeeding, did so during the first postnatal month and another 20 per cent during the 2nd and 3rd month after the babies' birth. The mother's age, education or parity, did not affect the rate of breastfeeding. Low birthweight, especially birthweight less than 2 kg, was a risk factor for early termination of breastfeeding. Caesarean delivery and hospitalization of the infant during the neonatal period was also associated with a higher rate of bottlefeeding compared with newborns who had been delivered normally, discharged early, and nursed at home. Although breastfeeding rates are high, the finding that the majority of mothers who give up breastfeeding do so in the early weeks, calls for better support to all mothers by committed health personnel during the period when breastfeeding is being established, and for extra assistance to women whose infants are hospitalized or have a low birthweight.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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