Journal Article

Hypoglycaemia in a Nigerian Paediatric Emergency Ward

J. B. E. Elusiyan, E. A. Adejuyigbe and O. O. Adeodu

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 52, issue 2, pages 96-102
Published in print April 2006 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online September 2005 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmi068
Hypoglycaemia in a Nigerian Paediatric Emergency Ward

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Hypoglycaemia is a common problem in paediatric emergency admissions. It has not received enough attention in Nigeria. It has been shown to complicate many childhood illnesses. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypoglycaemia in paediatric emergency admissions, describe clinical factors that commonly predispose to it and investigate its effect on outcome of management. Three-hundred and ninety-two consecutively admitted patients were studied. Two milliliters of blood was obtained from each patient for plasma glucose determination. Hypoglycaemia was defined as plasma glucose <2.5 mmol/l (<45 mg/dl). Out of these 392, twenty-five (25) of them were hypoglycaemic giving a prevalence of hypoglycaemia to be 6.4 per cent in our emergency ward. Hypoglycaemia was found to be associated commonly with severe malaria, septicaemia, pneumonia, and protein energy malnutrition. Interval of last meal and unconsciousness were the only two significant associated factors to hypoglycaemia. However, the likelihood of hypoglycaemia is increased with night admissions and prolonged duration of illness before admissions. Presence of hypoglycaemia at admission was also found to be significantly associated with death and dying within 24 hours of admission. The prevalence of hypoglycaemia was found to be 6.4 per cent. It was found to complicate many childhood illnesses and it is associated with a higher mortality. It should be suspected in all very ill children, particularly when they are unconscious and have not eaten for over 12 hours.

Journal Article.  3696 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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