Journal Article

Features of Whey Protein Concentrate Supplementation in Children with Rapidly Progressive HIV Infection

Y. F. Moreno, V. C. Sgarbieri, M. N. da Silva, AADC Toro and M. M. S. Vilela

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 52, issue 1, pages 34-38
Published in print February 2006 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmi074
Features of Whey Protein Concentrate Supplementation in Children with Rapidly Progressive HIV Infection

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HIV infection is associated with subnormal GSH levels. An increase in glutathione levels has been observed in HIV-infected adults under oral whey protein supplementation. We studied the features associated with a whey protein concentrate supplementation in children with rapidly progressive AIDS. A prospective double-blind clinical trial was carried out for 4 months with 18 vertically HIV-infected children (1.98–6.37 years), under antiretroviral therapy, who had received whey protein, maltodextrin (placebo) or none. Erythrocyte glutathione concentration, T lymphocyte counts (CD4+ and CD8+) and occurrence of associated co-infections were evaluated. Wilcoxon's and Fischer's Exact tests were used to assess differences between whey protein-supplemented and control (placebo and non-supplemented) groups. A significant median increase of 16.14 mg/dl (p = 0.018) in erythrocyte glutathione levels was observed in the whey protein-supplemented group; the TCD4/CD8 lymphocyte ratio showed a non significant increase and lower occurrence of associated co-infections was also observed. In conclusion, whey protein concentrate supplementation can stimulate glutathione synthesis and, possibly, decrease the occurrence of associated co-infections.

Journal Article.  2763 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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