Journal Article

Retrospective Measles Outbreak Investigation: Sudan, 2004

Fátima Coronado, Nisreen Musa, El Sayed Ahmed El Tayeb, Salah Haithami, Alya Dabbagh, Frank Mahoney, Robin Nandy and Lisa Cairns

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 52, issue 5, pages 329-334
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online May 2006 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fml026
Retrospective Measles Outbreak Investigation: Sudan, 2004

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Recent population-based studies of measles incidence and deaths in Sudan are not available. To determine the epidemiology and case-fatality rate (CFR) of measles, we conducted a retrospective outbreak investigation in two states in northern Sudan. Of 1144 case-patients identified, 92% were <15 years; 48.6% were vaccinated; and 62% received vitamin A before illness. Ten measles-associated deaths were identified (CFR 0.9%; 95% confidence interval 0.16–1.91). CFR determined by this investigation is lower than expected for the region but remains 10 times higher than that in developed countries. Measles control should be strengthened by improving vaccine coverage, measles surveillance and case-management.

Journal Article.  2328 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Paediatrics

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