Journal Article

Linear Growth in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia Before and After Treatment

Ashraf T. Soliman, Muhamad M. Al Dabbagh, Alia Hussein Habboub, Ashraf Adel, Noura Al Humaidy and Ahmad Abushahin

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 55, issue 5, pages 324-327
Published in print October 2009 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online March 2009 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmp011
Linear Growth in Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia Before and After Treatment

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We measured growth [length (L) standard deviation score (SDS), growth velocity (GV) SDS and body mass index (BMI)] and hematological (hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV and MCH) parameters in 40 children (aged 17.2 ± 12.4 months) with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) before and after iron therapy. Before treatment children with IDA had LSDS = −1.2 ± 1, GV = 7.5 ± 2.2, GVSDS = −1.42 ± 0.6 and BMI = 13.5 ± 1.2. They were significantly shorter and had reduced growth as compared with age-matched controls. After treatment, their growth parameters significantly increased with LSDS = −0.6 ± −0.9, GV = 13.2 ± 4.4 cm year−1, GVSDS = 1.7 ± 0.5 and BMI = 14.2 ± 1.1. Their GV correlated significantly with serum ferritin concentration (r = 0.48, p < 0.001) and BMI (r = 0.32, p < 0.1). In summary, IDA during the first 2 years of life significantly impairs growth.

Keywords: iron deficiency; anemia; growth

Journal Article.  1865 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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