Journal Article

A Study of Profile of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in Children in Punjab

Harsh Sharma, Daljit Singh, Puneet Pooni and Urmil Mohan

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 55, issue 6, pages 393-395
Published in print December 2009 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online March 2009 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmp019
A Study of Profile of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in Children in Punjab

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Objectives: To determine incidence, related factors, outcome, bacterial organisms and their sensitivity patterns with regard to ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in children.

Setting: Level III PICU of a tertiary care center.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Methods: Children in the age group of 1 month to 15 years, admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit requiring ventilatory support (V.I.P.BIRD infant-Pediatric ventilator) for at least 48 h. Clinical criteria used to define VAPs were the same as used by and Elward et al. and Salata et al.

Results: Forty patients met the inclusion criteria and 8 (20%) had VAP. The risk factor significantly related with development of VAP was the use of H2 blockers (Ranitidine) for >2 days. All other related factors were not significantly related to occurrence of VAP.

Conclusion: Use of H2 blockers (Ranitidne) is associated with higher incidence of VAP in children.

Keywords: ventilator-associated Pneumonia; pediatric intensive care unit; children

Journal Article.  1212 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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