Journal Article

Fatal Hepatitis B Infection Despite Immunization in an HIV-infected Infant: A Possible Case of Vaccine Failure and Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome

Dimitri Van der Linden, Mark Cotton, Helena Rabie and Neil McKerrow

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 56, issue 5, pages 351-354
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online February 2010 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmq003
Fatal Hepatitis B Infection Despite Immunization in an HIV-infected Infant: A Possible Case of Vaccine Failure and Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome

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We report a case of hepatitis B immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in an 8-month-old girl with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection. In resource-constrained countries, HIV-hepatitis B co-infections are often difficult to diagnose and to treat. We highlight on the importance of hepatitis B and HIV screening in pregnant women, to implement efficient preventive measures.

Keywords: paediatric HIV; hepatitis B; co-infection

Journal Article.  1832 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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