Journal Article

The Nutritional Status of Children and Adolescents with HIV/AIDS on Antiretroviral Therapy

Déborah Teixeira Souza, Patrícia Helen Carvalho Rondó and Ligia Cardoso Reis

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 57, issue 1, pages 65-68
Published in print February 2011 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online June 2010 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmq035
The Nutritional Status of Children and Adolescents with HIV/AIDS on Antiretroviral Therapy

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The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the nutritional status of children and adolescents with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). One hundred and eighteen subjects aged 6–19 years attending an outpatient clinic in São Paulo city were involved in the study. The following anthropometric measurements were assessed: weight, height, waist circumference and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness. One (0.9%) adolescent was diagnosed with abdominal obesity based on waist circumference measurement; three (2.5%) adolescents were obese based on subscapular skinfold thickness. According to the body mass index, the population studied was mainly eutrophic. The prevalence of fat redistribution, a characteristic of patients with HIV/AIDS under HAART, was low. We advise the development of further studies to assess the nutritional status of children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS using anthropometric measurements as well as computed tomography to detect fat redistribution.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; anthropometry; children; adolescents

Journal Article.  1542 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Paediatrics

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