Journal Article

Acute Malnutrition and Under-5 Mortality, Northeastern Part of India

Emmanuelle Espié, Carme Roure Pujol, Maria Masferrer, Jean-François Saint-Sauveur, Pedro Pablo Palma Urrutia and Rebecca F. Grais

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 57, issue 5, pages 389-391
Published in print October 2011 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online November 2010 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmq107
Acute Malnutrition and Under-5 Mortality, Northeastern Part of India

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We assessed the prevalence of childhood acute malnutrition and under-five mortality rate (U5MR) in Darbhanga district, India, using a two-stage 49-cluster household survey. A total of 1379 households comprising 8473 people were interviewed. During a 90-day recall period, U5MR was 0.5 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.2–1.4] per 10 000 per day. The prevalence of global acute malnutrition among 1405 children aged 6–59 months was 15.4% (NCHS) and 19.4% (2006 WHO references). This survey suggests that in Darbhanga district, the population is in a borderline food crisis with few food resources. Appropriate strategies should be developed to improve the overall nutritional and health status of children.

Keywords: acute malnutrition; mortality; child; health survey; India

Journal Article.  1433 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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