Journal Article

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis of the Spine in Children—Characteristics from a High Burden Setting

James A. Seddon, Peter R. Donald, Gert J. Vlok and H. Simon Schaaf

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 58, issue 5, pages 341-347
Published in print October 2012 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online December 2011 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmr104
Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis of the Spine in Children—Characteristics from a High Burden Setting

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Background: Few studies have described children with spinal multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Treatment involves surgery and medical care with long courses of drug therapy.

Methods: Hospital and laboratory records at Brooklyn Chest and Tygerberg Children's Hospitals, Cape Town, South Africa, were analysed (January 2004 until December 2010) searching for children treated for MDR spinal TB.

Results: Of the 11 children identified, 4 were excluded. Of the 7 remaining, 5 were boys; median age: 8 years, median delay to treatment initiation: 36 weeks. Among them one child died, five have completed treatment and one is near the end of therapy. Medications were well-tolerated and although two of the surviving children have spinal deformity, none have significant neurological deficit.

Conclusions: The diagnosis of spinal MDR-TB is often delayed in children, frequently leading to advanced disease and severe vertebral damage. Children tolerate therapy well and, once identified, it is a condition that can be treated successfully.

Journal Article.  3197 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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