Journal Article

Life-threatening Scrub Typhus with Hemophagocytosis and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in an Infant

Hyo Jin Kwon, In Hyuk Yoo, Jae-Wook Lee, Nak Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim and Jin Han Kang

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 59, issue 1, pages 67-69
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online June 2012 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fms030
Life-threatening Scrub Typhus with Hemophagocytosis and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in an Infant

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Scrub typhus is a rickettsial disease, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted via the bite of a chigger. This disease is one of the most important infectious diseases in the Asia-Pacific area; however, a severe infant case has not yet been reported. Here, we present the case of an 8-month-old boy with scrub typhus accompanied by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). His rapid course was complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), status epilepticus and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). He recovered after clarithromycin therapy and intensive supportive care. Although being extremely rare, scrub typhus can be life-threatening in an infant; therefore, physicians in endemic countries should be aware of the necessity for early recognition and prompt treatment of suspected cases.

Keywords: scrub typhus; Orientia tsutsugamushi; hemophagocytic syndrome; infant

Journal Article.  1120 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Paediatrics

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