Journal Article

Blood Pressure-to-Height Ratio Simplifies the Diagnosis of Hypertension in Nigerian Children

Chukwunonso E.C.C. Ejike and F.Z. Yin

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Volume 59, issue 2, pages 160-161
Published in print April 2013 | ISSN: 0142-6338
Published online December 2012 | e-ISSN: 1465-3664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fms064
Blood Pressure-to-Height Ratio Simplifies the Diagnosis of Hypertension in Nigerian Children

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The diagnostic accuracy of blood-pressure-to-height-ratios (BPHRs) in 716 Nigerian children was studied, using standard protocols. Systolic BPHR (SBPHR) and diastolic BPHR (DBPHR) had diagnostic accuracies ranging from 0.934 to 1.000, irrespective of sex and age. Optimal thresholds of SBPHR/DBPHR are provided, and their sensitivities and specificities all exceeded 80%. BPHR is a simple, sensitive and specific tool for the diagnosis of hypertension in this population.

Keywords: blood pressure-to-height ratio; children; diagnosis; hypertension

Journal Article.  782 words. 

Subjects: Paediatrics

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