Journal Article

Do Community-Managed Schools Work? An Evaluation of El Salvador's EDUCO Program

Emmanuel Jimenez and Yasuyuki Sawada

in The World Bank Economic Review

Published on behalf of World Bank

Volume 13, issue 3, pages 415-441
Published in print September 1999 | ISSN: 0258-6770
Published online September 1999 | e-ISSN: 1564-698X | DOI:
Do Community-Managed Schools Work? An Evaluation of El Salvador's EDUCO Program

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This article examines how decentralizing educational responsibility to communities and schools affects student outcomes. It uses the example of El Salvador's Community-Managed Schools Program (Education con Participacion de la Comunidad, EDUCO), which was designed to expand rural education rapidly following El Salvador's civil war. Achievement on standardized tests and attendance are compared for students in EDUCO schools and students in traditional schools. The analysis controls for student characteristics, school and classroom inputs, and endogeneity, using the proportion of EDUCO schools and traditional schools in a municipality as identifying instrumental variables. The article finds that enhanced community and parental involvement in EDUCO schools has improved students' language skills and diminished student absences, which may have long-term effects on achievement.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Development Planning and Policy

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