Journal Article

Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment for the Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program

Jooseop Kim, Harold Alderman and Peter F. Orazem

in The World Bank Economic Review

Published on behalf of World Bank

Volume 13, issue 3, pages 443-465
Published in print September 1999 | ISSN: 0258-6770
Published online September 1999 | e-ISSN: 1564-698X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/13.3.443
Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment for the Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program

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This study evaluates a program designed to stimulate girls' schooling through the creation of private girls' schools in poor urban neighborhoods of Quetta, Pakistan. Enrollment growth in these randomly selected neighborhoods is compared to enrollment growth in otherwise similar neighborhoods that were randomly assigned to a control group. The analysis indicates that the program increased girls' enrollment around 33 percentage points. Boys' enrollment rose as well, partly because boys were allowed to attend the new schools and partly because parents would not send their girls to school without also educating their boys. This outcome suggests that programs targeted at girls can also induce parents to invest more in their boys. The success of the program varied across neighborhoods, although success was not clearly related to the relative wealth of a neighborhood or to parents' level of education. Thus the program offers tremendous promise for increasing enrollment rates in other poor urban areas.

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Subjects: Development Planning and Policy

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