Journal Article

Conditional Cash Transfers, Schooling, and Child Labor: Micro-Simulating Brazil's Bolsa Escola Program

François Bourguignon, Francisco H. G. Ferreira and Phillippe G. Leite

in The World Bank Economic Review

Published on behalf of World Bank

Volume 17, issue 2, pages 229-254
Published in print December 2003 | ISSN: 0258-6770
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1564-698X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhg018
Conditional Cash Transfers, Schooling, and Child Labor: Micro-Simulating Brazil's Bolsa Escola Program

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A growing number of developing economies are providing cash transfers to poor people that require certain behaviors on their part, such as attending school or regularly visiting health care facilities. A simple ex ante methodology is proposed for evaluating such programs and used to assess the Bolsa Escola program in Brazil. The results suggest that about 60 percent of poor 10- to 15-year-olds not in school enroll in response to the program. The program reduces the incidence of poverty by only a little more than one percentage point, however, and the Gini coefficient falls just half a point. Results are better for measures more sensitive to the bottom of the distribution, but the effect is never large.

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Subjects: Development Planning and Policy

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