Journal Article

Does Education Affect HIV Status? Evidence from five African Countries

Damien de Walque

in The World Bank Economic Review

Volume 23, issue 2, pages 209-233
Published in print June 2009 | ISSN: 0258-6770
Published online June 2009 | e-ISSN: 1564-698X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhp005
Does Education Affect HIV Status? Evidence from five African Countries

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  • Economics of Health
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Data from the first five Demographic and Health Surveys to include HIV testing for a representative sample of the adult population are used to analyze the socioeconomic correlates of HIV infection and associated sexual behavior. Emerging from a wealth of country relevant results, some important findings can be generalized. First, successive marriages are a significant risk factor. Second, contrary to prima facie evidence, education is not positively associated with HIV status. However, schooling is one of the most consistent predictors of behavior and knowledge: education level predicts protective behaviors such as condom use, use of counseling and testing, discussion of AIDS between spouses, and knowledge about HIV/AIDS, but it also predicts a higher level of infidelity and a lower level of abstinence.

Keywords: I12; O12; O15

Journal Article.  9449 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economics of Health ; Economic Development

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