Journal Article

The Evolution of Poverty and Inequality in Indian Villages

Rajshri Jayaraman and Peter Lanjouw

in The World Bank Research Observer

Published on behalf of World Bank

Volume 14, issue 1, pages 1-30
Published in print February 1999 | ISSN: 0257-3032
Published online February 1999 | e-ISSN: 1564-6971 | DOI:
The Evolution of Poverty and Inequality in Indian Villages

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This paper examines the evolution of poverty and inequality in rural India by reviewing longitudinal village studies. It explores the main forces of economic change—agricultural intensification, changing land relations, and occupational diversification—from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, and it considers the roles of various institutions as conduits of change. Although most village studies support the survey-based judgment that rural poverty declined in India during the 1970s and 1980s, they find that progress has been slow and irregular and that inequalities within villages have persisted. These continued inequalities may constrain both the scope for further poverty reduction from economic growth and the impact of policy interventions.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Development Planning and Policy

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