Journal Article

Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications

Oriana Bandiera and Ashwini Natraj

in The World Bank Research Observer

Published on behalf of World Bank

Volume 28, issue 1, pages 2-21
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0257-3032
Published online January 2013 | e-ISSN: 1564-6971 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wbro/lks012
Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications

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  • Demographic Economics
  • Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
  • Economic Development

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Does the existing evidence support policies that foster growth by reducing gender inequality? We argue that the evidence based on differences across countries is of limited use for policy design because it does not identify the causal link from inequality to growth. This, however does not imply that inequality-reducing policies are ineffective. In other words, the lack of evidence of a causal link is not in itself evidence that the causal link does not exist. Detailed micro studies that shed light on the mechanisms through which gender inequality affects development and growth are needed to inform the design of effective policies.

Keywords: O40; J16; O15

Journal Article.  7677 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Demographic Economics ; Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity ; Economic Development

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