Journal Article

Neogene magnetic polarity stratigraphy of some fluviatile Siwalik sections, Nepal

Wolfgang Rösler, Wolfgang Metzler and Erwin Appel

in Geophysical Journal International

Volume 130, issue 1, pages 89-111
Published in print July 1997 | ISSN: 0956-540X
Published online July 1997 | e-ISSN: 1365-246X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb00990.x
Neogene magnetic polarity stratigraphy of some fluviatile Siwalik sections, Nepal

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Summary

The magnetostratigraphy of five new sections through the Neogene Siwalik Group of Nepal is presented. Rock magnetic experiments and detailed thermal demagnetization experiments prove that haematite is the carrier of a primary DRM or a PDRM. After stepwise thermal demagnetization of specimens from all sections, directions of characteristic remanent magnetization were obtained. The results show a positive reversal test and exhibit inclination errors of about 20°. Due to gaps in exposures and extremely variable demagnetization behaviour of the haematite-bearing sediments, the resulting polarity sequences are poorly defined for some parts of the sections. However, double-sampled parts of some sections yield similar results. A correlation with the Surai Khola section (Appel, Rösler & Corvinus 1991) is proposed, based on rock magnetic parameters. AMS results from three of the sections prove the existence of primary sedimentary magnetic fabrics in these sections with systematic orientations of minimum and maximum susceptibility axes. Correlation with a standard polarity timescale indicates that the ages of all new sections lie within the age limits of the Surai Khola section.

Keywords: AMS; Himalaya; magnetostratigraphy; Siwaliks

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Geophysics

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