Journal Article

Searching for mid-term variations in different aspects of solar activity – looking for probable common origins and studying temporal variations of magnetic polarities

E. Forgács-Dajka and T. Borkovits

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 374, issue 1, pages 282-291
Published in print January 2007 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online November 2006 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11167.x
Searching for mid-term variations in different aspects of solar activity – looking for probable common origins and studying temporal variations of magnetic polarities

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Several studies have examined the temporal variability of the solar activity, and many variations are reported in the literature. We also (re)analyse the statistical properties of the following kinds of data series of solar activity phenomena: magnetic synoptic charts, hemispherical relative sunspot numbers, solar flare index, coronal index, solar radio flux, interplanetary magnetic field and proton speed in the solar wind, in order to find common mid-term periods during solar cycles 21–23. As a new approach, we focus on the magnetic polarity relations and we define new quantities (e.g. magnetic positive–negative polarity asymmetry) to explore the connections between several aspects of the solar activity from different points of view. According to our survey, the mid-term periodicities (1–2 yr) are manifest in almost all data with the exception of the coronal index and the 10.7-cm solar flux data. In the case of these latter two we note that these surveys produce global data on the solar corona, so the Sun is studied on these bandwidths as a star. Besides these, with the accumulation of helioseismic data over the last 10 yr, it has become possible to study the temporal variation in the rotational rate residuals in tachocline region. In addition, we examine possible common origins of different activity markers and/or possible connections to differential rotation.

Keywords: magnetic fields; methods: data analysis; Sun: activity

Journal Article.  6094 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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