Journal Article

Determining the motion of the Solar system relative to the cosmic microwave background using Type Ia supernovae

Christopher Gordon, Kate Land and Anže Slosar

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 387, issue 1, pages 371-376
Published in print June 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13239.x
Determining the motion of the Solar system relative to the cosmic microwave background using Type Ia supernovae

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We estimate the Solar system motion relative to the cosmic microwave background using Type Ia supernovae (SNe) measurements. We take into account the correlations in the error bars of the SNe measurements arising from correlated peculiar velocities. Without accounting for correlations in the peculiar velocities, the SNe data we use appear to detect the peculiar velocity of the Solar system at about the 3.5σ level. However, when the correlations are correctly accounted for, the SNe data only detect the Solar system peculiar velocity at about the 2.5σ level. We forecast that the Solar system peculiar velocity will be detected at the 9σ level by GAIA and the 11σ level by the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope. For these surveys, we find the correlations are much less important as most of the signal comes from higher redshifts where the number density of SNe is insufficient for the correlations to be important.

Keywords: Solar system: general; supernovae: general; cosmic microwave background

Journal Article.  4029 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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