Journal Article

The emission and kinematic structures of the bipolar planetary nebula M 1-8

G. Ramos-Larios, J. P. Phillips, M. G. Richer and S. N. Kemp

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 387, issue 1, pages 415-426
Published in print June 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
The emission and kinematic structures of the bipolar planetary nebula M 1-8

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We have undertaken echelle spectroscopy and narrow-band line imaging of the bipolar planetary nebula M 1-8. This has permitted us to map the outflow in [N ii]λλ 6548+6583 Å, Hα, and in thev= 1–0 S(1) transition of H2 at λ 2.122 μm. It has also permitted us to acquire high-resolution spectra for [N ii]λ 6583 Å, Hα and He iiλ 6560 Å. Our observations support the results of a previous 2MASS analysis by two of the authors (J. P. Phillips and G. Ramos-Larios), and confirm that there is strong H2 emission outside of the ionized zone, as well as along the major axis of the outflow. Finally, we have investigated the spatial structure of the outflow in low and high excitation lines, and noted evidence for strong ionization stratification within the envelope of the source. We also note that major axis spectra show asymmetries attributable to outflow along the lobes, oriented at an anglei∼ 35°–40° to the line of sight. Asymmetries along the minor axis, by contrast, appear to be associated with the central collimating disc, and may be interpretable in terms of asymmetries in disc structure, or rotation at an angular velocity of Ω∼ 1.4 10−12 rad s−1. If the disc arises due to common-envelope evolution, then it seems that angular momentum constraints must be relatively tight, and can only be satisfied given fairly extreme physical assumptions (such as low disc mass, high primary star mass, a low distance to the source and so forth).

Keywords: ISM: jets and outflows; ISM: kinematics and dynamics; ISM: lines and bands; planetary nebulae: individual: M 1-8; infrared: ISM

Journal Article.  6227 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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