Journal Article

Gravitational wave emission from a companion black hole in the presence of an accretion disc around a super-massive Kerr black hole

Prasad Basu, S. Mondal and Sandip K. Chakrabarti

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 388, issue 1, pages 219-226
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13368.x
Gravitational wave emission from a companion black hole in the presence of an accretion disc around a super-massive Kerr black hole

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Gravitational wave signal characteristics from a binary black hole system in which the companion moves through the accretion disc of the primary are studied. We chose the primary to be a super-massive (M= 108M) Kerr black hole and the companion to be a massive black hole (M= 105M) to clearly demonstrate the effects. We show that the drag exerted on the companion by the disc is sufficient to reduce the coalescence time of the binary. The drag is primarily due to the fact that the accretion disc on a black hole deviates from a Keplerian disc and becomes sub-Keplerian due to inner boundary condition on the black hole horizon. We consider two types of accretion rates on to the companion. The companion is deeply immersed inside the disc and it can accrete at the Bondi rate which depends on the instantaneous density of the disc. However, an accretion disc can also form around the smaller black hole and it can accrete at its Eddington rate. Thus, this case is also studied and the results are compared. We find that the effect of the disc will be significant in reducing the coalescence time and one needs to incorporate this while interpreting gravitational wave signals emitted from such a binary system.

Keywords: accretion, accretion discs; black hole physics; gravitational waves; relativity

Journal Article.  3815 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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