Journal Article

Spatial and temporal variations in interstellar absorption towards HD 72127AB*

Daniel E. Welty, Thuso Simon and L. M. Hobbs

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 388, issue 1, pages 323-334
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13389.x
Spatial and temporal variations in interstellar absorption towards HD 72127AB*

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New optical spectra of Ca ii and Na i towards HD 72127AB provide additional evidence for both spatial and temporal variations in the complex interstellar absorption along the two sightlines; archival ultraviolet spectra yield information on the abundances, depletions and physical conditions in the gas towards HD 72127A. Similarities in the strengths of various tracers of interstellar material in the two lines of sight suggest that the total hydrogen column densities (N∼ 2.5 × 1020cm−2) and the depletions and ionization in the main components at low local standard of rest (LSR) velocities also are similar. Towards HD 72127A, the main components are relatively cool (T≲ 900 K), but with depletions resembling those found in warm, diffuse disc clouds; the generally weaker components at higher velocities have much milder depletions, more like those found in halo clouds. Several trace neutral species – Ca i, Cr i and Fe i– are much stronger towards HD 72127B, however. The column density of Cr i, for example, is about 30 times the value determined towards ζ Oph (the only previous detection of that species in the ISM). Dielectronic recombination in warmer gas (T≳ 5000 K) may be largely responsible for the enhanced abundances of those trace neutral species towards HD 72127B. If the main components towards HD 72127AB are associated with material in the Vela supernova remnant, the differences in abundances and physical conditions occur on scales of about 1100 au.

Keywords: stars: individual: HD 72127; ISM: abundances; ISM: lines and bands; ISM: structure; galaxies: ISM

Journal Article.  9848 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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