Journal Article

Models of the Cosmic Horseshoe gravitational lens J1004+4112

S. Dye, N. W. Evans, V. Belokurov, S. J. Warren and P. Hewett

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 388, issue 1, pages 384-392
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Models of the Cosmic Horseshoe gravitational lens J1004+4112

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We model the extremely massive and luminous lens galaxy in the Cosmic Horseshoe Einstein ring system J1004+4112, recently discovered in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We use the semilinear method of Warren & Dye, which pixelizes the source surface brightness distribution, to invert the Einstein ring for sets of parametrized lens models. Here, the method is refined by exploiting Bayesian inference to optimise adaptive pixelization of the source plane and to choose between three differently parametrized models: a singular isothermal ellipsoid, a power-law model and a Navarro, Frenk & White (NFW) profile. The most probable lens model is the power law with a volume mass density ρ∝r−1.96±0.02 and an axis ratio of ∼0.8. The mass within the Einstein ring (i.e. within a cylinder with projected distance of ∼30 kpc from the centre of the lens galaxy) is (5.02 ± 0.09) × 1012M , and the mass-to-light ratio is ∼30. Even though the lens lies in a group of galaxies, the preferred value of the external shear is almost zero. This makes the Cosmic Horseshoe unique amongst large separation lenses, as almost all the deflection comes from a single, very massive galaxy with little boost from the environment.

Keywords: gravitational lensing; galaxies: structure

Journal Article.  5960 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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