Journal Article

Abundances of lithium, sodium and potassium in Vega*

Y. Takeda

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 388, issue 2, pages 913-920
Published in print August 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Abundances of lithium, sodium and potassium in Vega*

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Vega's photospheric abundances of Li, Na and K were determined by using considerably weak lines measured on the very high signal-to-noise ratio spectrum, while the non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) correction and the gravity-darkening correction were adequately taken into account. It was confirmed that these alkali elements are mildly underabundant ([Li/H]≃−0.6, [Na/H]≃−0.3 and [K/H]≃−0.2) compared to the Solar system values, as generally seen also in other metals. Since the tendency of Li being more deficient than Na and K is qualitatively similar to what is seen in typical interstellar cloud, the process of interstellar gas accretion may be related with the abundance anomaly of Vega, as suspected in the case of λ Boo stars.

Keywords: stars: abundances; stars: atmospheres; stars: early-type; stars: individual: Vega

Journal Article.  5714 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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