Journal Article

Testing the <i>E</i><sub>p,i</sub>–<i>L</i><sub>p,iso</sub>–<i>T</i><sub>0.45</sub> correlation on a <i>BeppoSAX</i> and <i>Swift</i> sample of gamma-ray bursts

F. Rossi, C. Guidorzi, L. Amati, F. Frontera, P. Romano, S. Campana, G. Chincarini, E. Montanari, A. Moretti and G. Tagliaferri

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 388, issue 3, pages 1284-1292
Published in print August 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13476.x
Testing the Ep,i–Lp,iso–T0.45 correlation on a BeppoSAX and Swift sample of gamma-ray bursts

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Using a sample of 14 BeppoSAX and 74 Swift GRBs with measured redshift we tested the correlation between the intrinsic peak energy of the time-integrated spectrum, Ep,i, the isotropic-equivalent peak luminosity, Lp,iso, and the duration of the most intense parts of the GRB computed as T0.45 (‘Firmani correlation’). For 41 out of 88 GRBs we could estimate all of the three required properties. Apart from 980425, which appears to be a definite outlier and notoriously peculiar in many respects, we used 40 GRBs to fit the correlation with the maximum likelihood method discussed by D'Agostini, suitable to account for the extrinsic scatter in addition to the intrinsic uncertainties affecting every single GRB. We confirm the correlation. However, unlike the results by Firmani et al., we found that the correlation does have a logarithmic scatter comparable with that of the Ep,iEiso (‘Amati’) correlation. We also find that the slope of the product Lp,iso T0.45 is equal to ∼0.5, which is consistent with the hypothesis that the Ep,iLp,isoT0.45 correlation is equivalent to the Ep,iEiso correlation (slope ∼0.5). We conclude that, based on presently available data, there is no clear evidence that the Ep,iLp,isoT0.45 correlation is different (both in terms of slope and dispersion) from the Ep,iEiso correlation.

Keywords: methods: data analysis; gamma-rays: bursts

Journal Article.  5782 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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