Journal Article

Transition redshift: new kinematic constraints from supernovae

J. V. Cunha and J. A. S. Lima

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 390, issue 1, pages 210-217
Published in print October 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online October 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13640.x
Transition redshift: new kinematic constraints from supernovae

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The transition redshift (deceleration/acceleration) is discussed by expanding the deceleration parameter to first order around its present value. A detailed study is carried out by considering two different parametrizations, q=q0+q1z and q=q0+q1z(1 +z)−1, and the associated free parameters (q0, q1) are constrained by three different supernovae (SNe) samples. A previous analysis by Riess et al. using the first expansion is slightly improved and confirmed in light of their recent data (Gold07 sample). However, by fitting the model with the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) type Ia sample, we find that the best fit to the redshift transition is zt= 0.61, instead of zt= 0.46 as derived by the High-z Supernovae Search (HZSNS) team. This result based in the SNLS sample is also in good agreement with the sample of Davis et al., zt= 0.60+0.28−0.11 (1σ). Such results are in line with some independent analyses and accommodate more easily the concordance flat model (ΛCDM). For both parametrizations, the three SNe Ia samples considered favour recent acceleration and past deceleration with a high degree of statistical confidence level. All the kinematic results presented here depend neither on the validity of general relativity nor on the matter–energy contents of the Universe.

Keywords: cosmological parameters; cosmology: observations; distance scale

Journal Article.  5088 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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