Journal Article

The ultraviolet luminosity function and star formation rate of the Coma cluster

L. Cortese, G. Gavazzi and A. Boselli

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 390, issue 3, pages 1282-1296
Published in print November 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online October 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13838.x
The ultraviolet luminosity function and star formation rate of the Coma cluster

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We present estimates of the GALEX near-ultraviolet (NUV) and far-ultraviolet (FUV) luminosity functions (LFs) of the Coma cluster, over a total area of ∼9 deg2 (∼25 Mpc2), i.e. from the cluster centre to the virial radius. Our analysis represents the widest and deepest UV investigation of a nearby cluster of galaxies made to date. The Coma UV LFs show a faint-end slope steeper than the one observed in the local field. This difference, more evident in NUV, is entirely due to the contribution of massive quiescent systems (e.g. ellipticals, lenticulars and passive spirals), more frequent in high-density environments. On the contrary, the shape of the UV LFs for Coma star-forming galaxies does not appear to be significantly different from that of the field, consistently with previous studies of local and high-redshift clusters. We demonstrate that such similarity is only a selection effect, not providing any information on the role of the environment on the star formation history of cluster galaxies. By integrating the UV LFs for star-forming galaxies (corrected for the first time for internal dust attenuation), we show that the specific star formation rate (SSFR) of Coma is significantly lower than the integrated SSFR of the field and that Coma-like clusters contribute only <7 per cent of the total SFR density of the local universe. Approximately two-thirds of the whole star formation in Coma is occurring in galaxies with Mstar < 1010M. The vast majority of star-forming galaxies has likely just started its first dive into the cluster core and has not yet been affected by the cluster environment. The total stellar mass accretion rate of Coma is ∼(0.6–1.8) × 1012M Gyr−1, suggesting that a significant fraction of the population of lenticular and passive spirals observed today in Coma could originate from infalling galaxies accreted between z∼ 1 and 0.

Keywords: galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma (Abell1656); galaxies: evolution; galaxies: fundamental parameters; galaxies: luminosity function, mass function; ultraviolet: galaxies

Journal Article.  9747 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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