Journal Article

Optimal integrated Sachs–Wolfe detection and joint likelihood for cosmological parameter estimation

M. Frommert, T. A. Enßlin and F. S. Kitaura

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 391, issue 3, pages 1315-1326
Published in print December 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online November 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13971.x
Optimal integrated Sachs–Wolfe detection and joint likelihood for cosmological parameter estimation

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We analyse the local variance effect in the standard method for detecting the integrated Sachs–Wolfe (ISW) effect via cross-correlating the cosmic microwave background (CMB) with the large-scale structure (LSS). Local variance is defined as the systematic noise in the ISW detection that originates in the realization of the matter distribution in the observed Universe. We show that the local variance contributes about 11 per cent to the total variance in the standard method if a perfect and complete LSS survey up to z≈ 2 is assumed. Due to local variance, the estimated detection significance and cosmological parameter constraints in the standard method are biased. In this work, we present an optimal method of how to reduce the local variance effect in the ISW detection by working conditional on the LSS data. The variance of the optimal method, and hence the signal-to-noise ratio, depends on the actual realization of the matter distribution in the observed Universe. We show that for an ideal galaxy survey, the average signal-to-noise ratio is enhanced by about 7 per cent in the optimal method, as compared to the standard method. In the framework of our method, it is straightforward to correct for the magnification bias coming from gravitational lensing effects. Furthermore, there is no need to estimate the covariance matrix by Monte Carlo simulations as in the standard method, which saves time and increases the accuracy. Finally, we derive the correct joint likelihood function for cosmological parameters given CMB and LSS data within the linear LSS formation regime, which includes a small coupling of the two data sets due to the ISW effect.

Keywords: cosmic microwave background; cosmological parameter; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  9285 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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