Journal Article

Concentration, spin and shape of dark matter haloes as a function of the cosmological model: <i>WMAP</i>1, <i>WMAP</i>3 and <i>WMAP</i>5 results

Andrea V. Macciò, Aaron A. Dutton and Frank C. Van Den Bosch

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 391, issue 4, pages 1940-1954
Published in print December 2008 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online December 2008 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14029.x
Concentration, spin and shape of dark matter haloes as a function of the cosmological model: WMAP1, WMAP3 and WMAP5 results

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We investigate the effects of changes in the cosmological parameters between the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 1st, 3rd and 5th year results on the structure of dark matter haloes. We use a set of simulations that cover five decades in halo mass ranging from the scales of dwarf galaxies (Vc≈ 30 km s−1) to clusters of galaxies (Vc≈ 1000 km s−1). We find that the concentration mass relation is a power law in all three cosmologies. However, the slope is shallower and the zero-point is lower moving from WMAP1 to WMAP5 to WMAP3. For haloes of mass log M200/[h−1M]= 10, 12 and 14 the differences in the concentration parameter between WMAP1 and WMAP3 are a factor of 1.55, 1.41 and 1.29, respectively. As we show, this brings the central densities of dark matter haloes in good agreement with the central densities of dwarf and low surface brightness galaxies inferred from their rotation curves, for both the WMAP3 and WMAP5 cosmologies. We also show that none of the existing toy models for the concentration–mass relation can reproduce our simulation results over the entire range of masses probed. In particular, the model of Bullock et al. fails at the higher mass end (M≳ 1013h−1M), while the NFW model of Navarro, Frenk and White fails dramatically at the low-mass end (M≲ 1012h−1M). We present a new model, based on a simple modification of that of Bullock et al., which reproduces the concentration–mass relations in our simulations over the entire range of masses probed (1010M≲ 1015h−1M). Haloes in the WMAP3 cosmology (at a fixed mass) are more flatted compared to the WMAP1 cosmology, with a medium to long axis ration reduced by ≈10 per cent. Finally, we show that the distribution of halo spin parameters is the same for all three cosmologies.

Keywords: gravitation; methods: N-body simulation; methods: numerical; galaxies: haloes; cosmology: theory; dark matter

Journal Article.  10055 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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