Journal Article

Gaseous drag on a gravitational perturber in Modified Newtonian Dynamics and the structure of the wake

F. J. Sánchez-Salcedo

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 392, issue 4, pages 1573-1584
Published in print February 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online January 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14177.x
Gaseous drag on a gravitational perturber in Modified Newtonian Dynamics and the structure of the wake

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We calculate the structure of a wake generated by, and the dynamical friction force on, a gravitational perturber travelling through a gaseous medium of uniform density and constant background acceleration gext, in the context of Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND). The wake is described as a linear superposition of two terms. The dominant part displays the same structure as the wake generated in the Newtonian gravity scaled up by a factor μ−1(gext/a0), where a0 is the constant MOND acceleration and μ the interpolating function. The structure of the second term depends greatly on the angle between gext and the velocity of the perturber. We evaluate the dynamical drag force numerically and compare our MOND results with the Newtonian case. We mention the relevance of our calculations to orbit evolution of globular clusters and satellites in a gaseous protogalaxy. Potential differences in the X-ray emission of gravitational galactic wakes in MOND and in Newtonian gravity with a dark halo are highlighted.

Keywords: gravitation; hydrodynamics; galaxies: haloes; galaxies: interactions; galaxies: kinematics and dynamics; galaxies: structure

Journal Article.  7675 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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