Journal Article

Galaxy clustering and galaxy–galaxy lensing: a promising union to constrain cosmological parameters

Marcello Cacciato, Frank C. Van Den Bosch, Surhud More, Ran Li, H. J. Mo and Xiaohu Yang

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 394, issue 2, pages 929-946
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online March 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Galaxy clustering and galaxy–galaxy lensing: a promising union to constrain cosmological parameters

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Galaxy clustering and galaxy–galaxy lensing probe the connection between galaxies and their dark matter haloes in complementary ways. Since the clustering of dark matter haloes depends on cosmology, the halo occupation statistics inferred from the observed clustering properties of galaxies are degenerate with the adopted cosmology. Consequently, different cosmologies imply different mass-to-light ratios for dark matter haloes. Galaxy–galaxy lensing, which yields direct constraints on the actual mass-to-light ratios, can therefore be used to break this degeneracy, and thus to constrain cosmological parameters. In this paper, we establish the link between galaxy luminosity and dark matter halo mass using the conditional luminosity function (CLF), Φ(L|M) dL, which gives the number of galaxies with luminosities in the range L± dL/2 that reside in a halo of mass M. We constrain the CLF parameters using the galaxy luminosity function and the luminosity dependence of the correlation lengths of galaxies. The resulting CLF models are used to predict the galaxy–galaxy lensing signal. For a cosmology that agrees with constraints from the cosmic microwave background, i.e. (Ωm, σ8) = (0.238, 0.734), the model accurately fits the galaxy–galaxy lensing data obtained from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. For a comparison cosmology with (Ωm, σ8) = (0.3, 0.9), however, we can accurately fit the luminosity function and clustering properties of the galaxy population, but the model predicts mass-to-light ratios that are too high, resulting in a strong overprediction of the galaxy–galaxy lensing signal. We conclude that the combination of galaxy clustering and galaxy–galaxy lensing is a powerful probe of the galaxy–dark matter connection, with the potential to yield tight constraints on cosmological parameters. Since this method mainly probes the mass distribution on relatively small (non-linear) scales, it is complementary to constraints obtained from the galaxy power spectrum, which mainly probes the large-scale (linear) matter distribution.

Keywords: gravitational lensing; methods: statistical; galaxies: haloes; cosmological parameters; dark matter; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  12736 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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