Journal Article

Three-dimensional numerical model of the Omega Nebula (M17): simulated thermal X-ray emission

J. Reyes-Iturbide, P. F. Velázquez, M. Rosado, A. Rodríguez-González, R. F. González and A. Esquivel

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 394, issue 2, pages 1009-1015
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online March 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14386.x
Three-dimensional numerical model of the Omega Nebula (M17): simulated thermal X-ray emission

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We present 3D hydrodynamical simulations of the superbubble M17, also known as the Omega Nebula, carried out with the adaptive grid code yguazú-a, which includes radiative cooling. The superbubble is modelled considering the winds of 11 individual stars from the open cluster inside the nebula (NGC 6618), for which there are estimates of the mass-loss rates and terminal velocities based on their spectral types. These stars are located inside a dense interstellar medium, and they are bounded by two dense molecular clouds. We carried out three numerical models of this scenario, considering different line-of-sight positions of the stars (the position in the plane of the sky is known, thus fixed). Synthetic thermal X-ray emission maps are calculated from the numerical models and compared with ROSAT observations of this astrophysical object. Our models successfully reproduce both the observed X-ray morphology and the total X-ray luminosity, without taking into account the thermal conduction effects.

Keywords: methods: numerical; stars: winds, outflows; ISM: bubbles; Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: M17; Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual NGC 6618; X-rays: ISM

Journal Article.  4399 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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