Journal Article

Near-infrared observations of the novae V2491 Cygni and V597 Puppis

Sachindra Naik, D. P. K. Banerjee and N. M. Ashok

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 394, issue 3, pages 1551-1558
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online April 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Near-infrared observations of the novae V2491 Cygni and V597 Puppis

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We present results obtained from near-infrared JHK spectroscopic observations of novae V2491 Cygni and V597 Puppis in the early declining phases of their 2007 and 2008 outbursts, respectively. In both objects, the spectra displayed emission lines of H i, O i, He i and N i. In V597 Pup, the He i lines were found to strengthen rapidly with time. Based on the observed spectral characteristics, both objects are classified as He/N novae. We have investigated the possibility of V2491 Cyg being a recurrent nova as has been suggested. By studying the temporal evolution of the linewidths in V2491 Cyg, it appears unlikely that the binary companion is a giant star with heavy wind as in recurrent novae of the RS Oph type. Significant deviations from that of recombination case B conditions are observed in the strengths of the H i lines. This indicates that the H i lines, in both novae, are optically thick during the span of our observations. The slope of the continuum spectra in both cases was found to have a λ−(3−3.5) dependence which deviates from a Rayleigh–Jeans spectral distribution. Both novae were detected in the post-outburst supersoft X-ray phase; V2491 Cyg being very bright in X-rays has been the target of several observations. We discuss and correlate our infrared observations with the observed X-ray properties of these novae.

Keywords: techniques: spectroscopic; stars: individual: V597 Pup, V2491 Cyg; novae, cataclysmic variables; infrared: stars

Journal Article.  5624 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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