Journal Article

NLS1 galaxies and estimation of their central black hole masses from the X-ray excess variance method

M. Nikołajuk, B. Czerny and P. Gurynowicz

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 394, issue 4, pages 2141-2152
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online April 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
NLS1 galaxies and estimation of their central black hole masses from the X-ray excess variance method

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Black hole mass determination in active galaxies is a key issue in understanding various luminosity states. In the present paper, we try to generalize the mass determination method based on the X-ray excess variance, successfully used for typical broad line Seyfert 1 galaxies (BLS1) to narrow line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies. NLS1 galaxies differ from BLS1 with respect to several properties. They are generally more variable in 2–10 keV energy band so the natural expectation is the need to use a different scaling coefficient between the mass and the variance in these two types of sources. However, we find that such a simple approach is not enough. Although for majority of the 21 NLS1 galaxies in our sample a single scaling coefficient (larger by a factor 20) provided us with a satisfactory method of mass determination, in a small subset of NLS1 galaxies this approach failed. Variability of those objects appeared to be at the intermediate level between NLS1 and BLS1 galaxies. These exceptional NLS1 galaxies have much harder soft X-ray spectra than majority of NLS1 galaxies. We thus postulate that the division of Seyfert 1 galaxies into BLS1 and NLS1 according to the widths of the Hβ line is less generic than according to the soft X-ray slope.

Keywords: galaxies: active; galaxies: Seyfert; X-rays: galaxies

Journal Article.  9000 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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