Journal Article

The impact of dust on the scaling properties of galaxy clusters

Antonio C. Da Silva, Andrea Catalano, Ludovic Montier, Etienne Pointecouteau, Joseph Lanoux and Martin Giard

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 396, issue 2, pages 849-859
Published in print June 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14526.x
The impact of dust on the scaling properties of galaxy clusters

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We investigate the effect of dust on the scaling properties of galaxy clusters based on hydrodynamic N-body simulations of structure formation. We have simulated five dust models plus radiative cooling and adiabatic models using the same initial conditions for all runs. The numerical implementation of dust was based on the analytical computations of Montier & Giard. We set up dust simulations to cover different combinations of dust parameters that make evident the effects of size and abundance of dust grains. Comparing our radiative plus dust cooling runs with a purely radiative cooling simulation, we find that dust has an impact on cluster scaling relations. It mainly affects the normalization of the scalings (and their evolution), whereas it introduces no significant differences in their slopes. The strength of the effect critically depends on the dust abundance and grain size parameters as well as on the cluster scaling. Indeed, cooling due to dust is effective in the cluster regime and has a stronger effect on the ‘baryon driven’ statistical properties of clusters such as LXM, YM, SM scaling relations. Major differences, relative to the radiative cooling model, are as high as 25 per cent for the LXM normalization, and about 10 per cent for the YM and SM normalizations at redshift zero. On the other hand, we find that dust has almost no impact on the ‘dark matter driven’TmwM scaling relation. The effects are found to be dependent in equal parts on both dust abundances and grain size distributions for the scalings investigated in this paper. Higher dust abundances and smaller grain sizes cause larger departures from the radiative cooling (i.e. with no dust) model.

Keywords: methods: numerical; galaxies: clusters: general; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  8780 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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