Journal Article

Turbulent diffusion with rotation or magnetic fields

Axel Brandenburg, Andreas Svedin and Geoffrey M. Vasil

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 395, issue 3, pages 1599-1606
Published in print May 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14646.x
Turbulent diffusion with rotation or magnetic fields

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The turbulent diffusion tensor describing the evolution of the mean concentration of a passive scalar is investigated for non-helically forced turbulence in the presence of rotation or a magnetic field. With rotation, the Coriolis force causes a sideways deflection of the flux of mean concentration. Within the magnetohydrodynamics approximation there is no analogous effect from the magnetic field because the effects on the flow do not depend on the sign of the field. Both rotation and magnetic fields tend to suppress turbulent transport, but this suppression is weaker in the direction along the magnetic field. Turbulent transport along the rotation axis is not strongly affected by rotation, except on shorter length-scales, i.e. when the scale of the variation of the mean field becomes comparable with the scale of the energy-carrying eddies. These results are discussed in the context of anisotropic convective energy transport in the Sun.

Keywords: hydrodynamics; magnetic fields; MHD; turbulence

Journal Article.  5026 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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