Journal Article

Cosmological implications and structure formation from a time varying vacuum

Spyros Basilakos

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 395, issue 4, pages 2347-2355
Published in print June 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Cosmological implications and structure formation from a time varying vacuum

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We study the dynamics of the Friedmann–Lemaitre–Robertson–Walker (FLRW) flat cosmological models in which the vacuum energy varies with time, Λ(t). In this model, we find that the main cosmological functions such as the scale factor of the universe and the Hubble flow are defined in terms of exponential functions. Applying a joint likelihood analysis of the recent Type Ia supernovae data, the cosmic microwave background shift parameter and the baryonic acoustic oscillations traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) galaxies, we place tight constraints on the main cosmological parameters of the Λ(t) scenario. Also, we compare the Λ(t) model with the traditional Λ cosmology and we find that the former model provides a Hubble expansion which compares well with that of the Λ cosmology. However, the Λ(t) scenario predicts stronger small scale dynamics, which implies a faster growth rate of perturbations with respect to the usual Λ cosmology, despite the fact that they share the same equation of state parameter. In this framework, we find that galaxy clusters in the Λ(t) model appear to form earlier than in the Λ model.

Keywords: cosmology: theory; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  6363 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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