Journal Article

The spatial distribution of galaxies within the cosmic microwave background cold spot in the Corona Borealis supercluster

Carmen Pilar Padilla-Torres, Carlos M. Gutiérrez, Rafael Rebolo, Ricardo Génova-Santos and José Alberto Rubiño-Martin

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 396, issue 1, pages 53-60
Published in print June 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14785.x
The spatial distribution of galaxies within the cosmic microwave background cold spot in the Corona Borealis supercluster

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We study the spatial distribution and colours of galaxies within the region covered by the cold spot in the cosmic microwave background recently detected by the Very Small Array interpherometer (VSA) towards the Corona Borealis supercluster (CrB-SC). The spot is in the northern part of a region with a radius ∼1° (∼5 Mpc at the redshift of CrB-SC) enclosing the clusters Abell 2056, 2065, 2059 and 2073, and where the density of galaxies, excluding the contribution from those clusters, is approximately two times higher than the mean value in typical intercluster regions of the CrB-SC. Two of such clusters (Abell 2056 and 2065) are members of the CrB-SC, while the other two are in the background. This high-density intercluster region is quite inhomogeneous, being the most remarkable feature a large concentration of galaxies in a narrow filament running from Abell 2065 with a length of ∼35 arcmin (∼3 Mpc at the redshift of CrB-SC) in the SW–NE direction. This intercluster population of galaxies probably results from the interaction of clusters Abell 2065 and 2056. The area subtended by the VSA cold spot shows an excess of faint (21 < r < 22) and red (1.1 < ri < 1.3) galaxies as compared with typical values within the CrB-SC intercluster regions. This overdensity of galaxies shows a radial dependence and extends out to ∼15 arcmin. This could be the signature of a previously unnoted cluster in the background.

Keywords: techniques: photometric; cosmic microwave background; cosmology: observations

Journal Article.  5108 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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