Journal Article

V440 Per: the longest-period overtone Cepheid

R. Baranowski, R. Smolec, W. Dimitrov, T. Kwiatkowski, A. Schwarzenberg-Czerny, P. Bartczak, M. Fagas, W. Borczyk, K. Kamiński, P. Moskalik, R. Ratajczak and A. Rożek

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 396, issue 4, pages 2194-2200
Published in print July 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
V440 Per: the longest-period overtone Cepheid

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V440 Per is a Population I Cepheid with a period of 7.57 d and low-amplitude, almost sinusoidal light and radial velocity curves. With no reliable data on the first harmonic, its pulsation mode identification remained controversial. We obtained a radial velocity curve of V440 Per with our new high-precision and high-throughput Poznań Spectroscopic Telescope. Our data reach an accuracy of 130 m s−1 per individual measurement and yield a secure detection of the first harmonic with an amplitude of A2= 140 ± 15 m s−1. The velocity Fourier phase φ21 of V440 Per is inconsistent at the 7.25σ level with those of fundamental-mode Cepheids, implying that the star must be an overtone Cepheid, as originally proposed by Kienzle et al. Thus, V440 Per becomes the longest-period Cepheid with securely established overtone pulsations. We show that a convective non-linear pulsation hydrocode can reproduce the Fourier parameters of V440 Per very well. The requirement to match the observed properties of V440 Per constrains the free parameters of the dynamical convection model used in the pulsation calculations, in particular the radiative loss parameter.

Keywords: hydrodynamics; methods: data analysis; techniques: spectroscopic; stars: individual: V440 Per; stars: oscillations; Cepheids

Journal Article.  5267 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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