Journal Article

The Adaptive TreePM: an adaptive resolution code for cosmological <i>N</i>-body simulations

J. S. Bagla and Nishikanta Khandai

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 396, issue 4, pages 2211-2227
Published in print July 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
The Adaptive TreePM: an adaptive resolution code for cosmological N-body simulations

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Cosmological N-body simulations are used for a variety of applications. Indeed progress in the study of large-scale structures and galaxy formation would have been very limited without this tool. For nearly 20 yr the limitations imposed by computing power forced simulators to ignore some of the basic requirements for modelling gravitational instability. One of the limitations of most cosmological codes has been the use of a force softening length that is much smaller than the typical interparticle separation. This leads to departures from collisionless evolution that is desired in these simulations. We propose a particle-based method with an adaptive resolution where the force softening length is reduced in high-density regions while ensuring that it remains well above the local interparticle separation. The method, called the Adaptive TreePM (ATreePM), is based on the TreePM code. We present the mathematical model and an implementation of this code, and demonstrate that the results converge over a range of options for parameters introduced in generalizing the code from the TreePM code. We explicitly demonstrate collisionless evolution in collapse of an oblique plane wave. We compare the code with the fixed resolution TreePM code and also an implementation that mimics adaptive mesh refinement methods and comment on the agreement and disagreements in the results. We find that in most respects the ATreePM code performs at least as well as the fixed resolution TreePM in highly overdense regions, from clustering and number density of haloes to internal dynamics of haloes. We also show that the adaptive code is faster than the corresponding high-resolution TreePM code.

Keywords: gravitation; methods: N-body simulations; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  11654 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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