Journal Article

Period–luminosity relations for type II Cepheids and their application

Noriyuki Matsunaga, Michael W. Feast and John W. Menzies

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 397, issue 2, pages 933-942
Published in print August 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Period–luminosity relations for type II Cepheids and their application

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JHK s magnitudes corrected to mean intensity are estimated for Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) type II Cepheids in the OGLE-III survey the third phase of the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE). Period–luminosity (PL) relations are derived in JHKs as well as in a reddening-free VI parameter. Within the uncertainties, the BL Her stars (P < 4 d) and the W Vir stars (P= 4 to 20 d) are colinear in these PL relations. The slopes of the infrared relations agree with those found previously for type II Cepheids in globular clusters within the uncertainties. Using the pulsation parallaxes of V553 Cen and SW Tau, the data lead to an LMC modulus uncorrected for any metallicity effects of 18.46 ± 0.10 mag. The type II Cepheids in the second-parameter globular cluster, NGC 6441, show a PL(VI) relation of the same slope as that in the LMC, and this leads to a cluster distance modulus of 15.46 ± 0.11 mag, confirming the hypothesis that the RR Lyrae variables in this cluster are overluminous for their metallicity. It is suggested that the Galactic variable κ Pavonis is a member of the peculiar W Vir class found by the OGLE-III group in the LMC. Low-resolution spectra of OGLE-III type II Cepheids with P > 20 d (RV Tau stars) show that a high proportion have TiO bands; only one has been found showing C2. The LMC RV Tau stars, as a group, are not colinear with the shorter period type II Cepheids in the infrared PL relations in marked contrast to such stars in globular clusters. Other differences between LMC, globular cluster and Galactic field type II Cepheids are noted in period distribution and infrared colours.

Keywords: stars: distances; stars: Population II; Cepheids; stars: variables: other; Magellanic Clouds; infrared: stars

Journal Article.  6980 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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