Journal Article

Fermion zero-mode influence on neutron-star magnetic field evolution

P. B. Jones

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 397, issue 2, pages 1027-1031
Published in print August 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15016.x
Fermion zero-mode influence on neutron-star magnetic field evolution

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The quantum phenomenon of spectral flow which has been observed in laboratory superfluids, such as 3He-B, controls the drift velocity of proton type II superconductor vortices in the liquid core of a neutron star and so determines the rate at which magnetic flux can be expelled from the core to the crust. In the earliest and most active phases of the anomalous X-ray pulsars and soft-gamma repeaters, the rates are low and consistent with a large fraction of the active crustal flux not linking the core. If normal neutrons are present in an appreciable core matter-density interval, the spectral flow force limits flux expulsion in cases of rapid spin-down, such as in the Crab pulsar or in the propeller phase of binary systems.

Keywords: stars: magnetic fields; stars: neutron; pulsars: general

Journal Article.  4165 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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