Journal Article

Does Collinder 236 host a Cepheid calibrator?

D. G. Turner, D. Forbes, P. J. T. Leonard, M. Abdel-Sabour Abdel-Latif, D. J. Majaess and L. N. Berdnikov

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 397, issue 2, pages 1046-1052
Published in print August 2009 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15039.x
Does Collinder 236 host a Cepheid calibrator?

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Photoelectric UBV photometry and star counts are presented for the previously unstudied open cluster Collinder 236, supplemented by observations for stars near the Cepheid WZ Car. Collinder 236 is typical of groups associated with Cepheids, with an evolutionary age of (3.2 ± 1.1) × 107 yr, but it is 1944 ± 71 pc distant, only half the predicted distance to WZ Car. The cluster is reddened by E(BV) ≃ 0.26, and has nuclear and coronal radii of rn≃ 2 arcmin (1.1 pc) and Rc≃ 8 arcmin (4.5 pc), respectively. The Cepheid is not a member of Collinder 236 on the basis of location beyond the cluster tidal radius and implied distance, but its space reddening can be established as E(BV) = 0.268 ± 0.006 s.e. from five adjacent stars. Period changes in WZ Car studied with the aid of archival data are revised. The period of WZ Car is increasing, its rate of +8.27 ± 0.19 s yr−1 being consistent with a third crossing of the instability strip.

Keywords: stars: evolution; stars: variables: Cepheids; open clusters and associations: individual: Collinder 236

Journal Article.  4180 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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