Journal Article

Studies of dissipative standing shock waves around black holes

Santabrata Das, Sandip K. Chakrabarti and Soumen Mondal

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 401, issue 3, pages 2053-2058
Published in print January 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online January 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Studies of dissipative standing shock waves around black holes

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We investigate the dynamical structure of advective accretion flow around stationary as well as rotating black holes. For a suitable choice of input parameters, such as accretion rate and angular momentum (λ), a global accretion solution may include a shock wave. The post-shock flow is located at a few tens times the Schwarzchild radius and is generally very hot and dense. This successfully mimics the so-called Compton cloud, which is believed to be responsible for emitting hard radiation. Owing to the radiative loss, significant energy is removed from the accreting matter and the shock moves forward towards the black hole in order to maintain the pressure balance across it. We identify the effective area of parameter space that allows accretion flows to have some energy dissipation at the shock . As the dissipation is increased, the parameter space is reduced and finally disappears when the dissipation reaches a critical value. The dissipation has a profound effect on the dynamics of post-shock flow. By moving forward, an unstable shock, the oscillation of which causes quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in the emitted radiation, will produce oscillations of high frequency. Such an evolution of QPOs has been observed in several black hole candidates during their outbursts.

Keywords: accretion, accretion discs; black hole physics; shock waves

Journal Article.  3298 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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