Journal Article

Modelling the dusty universe – I. Introducing the artificial neural network and first applications to luminosity and colour distributions

C. Almeida, C. M. Baugh, C. G. Lacey, C. S. Frenk, G. L. Granato, L. Silva and A. Bressan

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 402, issue 1, pages 544-564
Published in print February 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online February 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15920.x
Modelling the dusty universe – I. Introducing the artificial neural network and first applications to luminosity and colour distributions

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We introduce a new technique based on artificial neural networks which enable us to make accurate predictions for the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of large samples of galaxies, at wavelengths ranging from the far-ultraviolet (UV) to the submillimetre (sub-mm) and radio. The neural net is trained to reproduce the SEDs predicted by a hybrid code comprised of the galform semi-analytical model of galaxy formation, which predicts the full star formation and galaxy merger histories, and the grasil spectro-photometric code, which carries out a self-consistent calculation of the SED, including absorption and emission of radiation by dust. Using a small number of galaxy properties predicted by galform, the method reproduces the luminosities of galaxies in the majority of cases to within 10 per cent of those computed directly using grasil. The method performs best in the sub-mm and reasonably well in the mid-infrared (IR) and far-UV. The luminosity error introduced by the method has negligible impact on predicted statistical distributions, such as luminosity functions or colour distributions of galaxies. We use the neural net to predict the overlap between galaxies selected in the rest-frame UV and in the observer-frame sub-mm at z= 2. We find that around half of the galaxies with a 850 μm flux above 5 mJy should have optical magnitudes brighter than RAB < 25 mag. However, only 1 per cent of the galaxies selected in the rest-frame UV down to RAB < 25 mag should have 850 μm fluxes brighter than 5 mJy. Our technique will allow the generation of wide-angle mock catalogues of galaxies selected at rest-frame UV or mid- and far-IR wavelengths.

Keywords: methods: numerical; galaxies: evolution; large-scale structure of Universe; submillimetre

Journal Article.  14907 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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